CHAPTER III Universal Force: The Building of a Holistic Theory


We need new knowledge like we need a hole in the head.

Robert Oppenheimer (1950s)

Those who lack all idea that it is possible to be wrong can learn nothing except know-how.

Gregory Bateson

Scientific theory do not spring on stage fully developed, with their range fully established and with their empirical credentials in hand. They may begin as the recommendation of an alternative kind of answer to traditional questions or from the recognition of new questions in need of an answer. They develop historically, often in ways unimagined by the originators.

Merrilee H. Salmon

BACKGROUND

If I were a specialist, I would already have mastered the theories of a sub-discipline; used its specialised language to define my concepts; exposed incongruities among them; proposed some elements of solution, and be well on my way to present my evidence. However, there is no established disciplines, nor any theories, allowing my work to be well understood by everybody. Like it needs to be, to not merely serve the advancement of knowledge for its own sake, which I condemn as irrelevant to our survival, but to serve humanity as a whole, as I have hoped from the outset my university research would serve.

And I have potentially succeeded. What I have uncovered, indeed, is not only relevant to one particular field of knowledge, but to all sectors of science without any exception, from fundamental physics, the oldest, to evolutionary psychology, one of the newest, en passant by linguistics, one of the most expertly defended, and the one which ultimately allowed me to narrow down my findings.

EVOLUTIONARY FREE-FALL

… one should … examine the intellectual bases of psychological principles, or theories, … Because, everybody, who speaks a language at all, has underneath the surface of the language that he uses, certain basic assumptions that are usually unexamined. And these unexamined systems of beliefs are extremely powerful in their influence over our lives.

Allan Watt

It is only when I came across Chomsky’s notion of “human universal,” in my attempt to lay down the bases of my theory of human evolution—unintentionally developed “in ways unimagined” during my life-long questioning of the academic establishment—that I finally realised I was not working at the same linguistic level than “normal science.” Indeed, while scientists use well defined concepts to explain the parcel of reality that they have set themselves to study with great care, I have used their own well-established theories as my “fundamental morphemes” (Chomsky), as my basic vocabulary, to uncover the original mistake that I assumed from the outset was affecting all of them.

During this life process, I have found out that, while natural scientists, guided by a proven method, can present us with a relatively adequate picture of nature; life, mind, social scientists are incapable of doing so with human nature, because of a commonly held misconception that is precluding them from understanding the natural biotic force behind the evolution of life—like gravitation explains the working of the observed physical universe, and atomic forces, the activity of atoms —thus inadvertently contributing all together to our “evolutionary free-fall.”

Here, I need to point out two things. Firstly, that Darwin’s law of evolution by natural selection is not this force, but its consequence—like Kepler’s laws were the consequences of gravitation. And secondly, that this wrong (restricted) affirmation of the force of natural selection behind evolution, made by Darwin’s followers, happens to be the closest scientific expression of what I have found to be “human’s evolutionary fallacy.”

And don’t presume that I am on the side of  intelligent design movement. I am not. This force is as materialistic and universally present, as gravitation and  the atomic forces are.

I must admit, though, that when I began to write this dissertation I didn’t yet know about the existence of such a universal biotic force.

I was already aware that the force behind the human economy, its absolute need for growth, is an anomaly of nature. In nature, indeed, everything stops growing once it reaches its ideal size, but not national economies: constant growth is the essential condition of their “health.” This is the contradiction (anomaly) that I wanted to explore from the outset, and what I came soon to diagnose as a cancer affecting Mother Earth, itself in a constant state of dynamic equilibrium.

However, I was not yet aware that this pathological condition of human economy (Ecos: environment; nomos: management) was caused by our ignorance of the universal law behind all life processes. All my life I have been burdened by the fact that everybody does not regard this need for growth in all sectors of society as a cancer, as it is central to my thinking, but as being the driving force behind all human endeavours.

In the economy, for instance, the need to grow cannot be questioned, especially not in these terms. It can be seen as “sustainable” (for a while), which would give our generation the time to die, but never as eradicable, which would give future green generations the time of their lives.

It’s only later, during my post-graduate research on the Internet, that I came to uncover the error of reasoning at the root of this state of affairs. However, by then I had learned to keep my mouth shut, until I succeed to build irrefutable arguments supporting my findings.

Which I finally could, once I came across Chomsky’s notion of “human universal,” which exemplify what I had been looking for all my life: the mental error of perspective keeping us from being aware of the logical error at the root of the problems pervading all human institutions, from religions and science to the financial markets, and all the others.

However, before I expose how I came to see Chomsky’s notion of “human universal” as a mental error of perspective, as geocentricism has been in the pre-scientific era, I need tell you how I came to see the scientific community in the light of my developing theory.

PAVING THE ROAD TO HELL


There was a time when people look to stars to find answers to their problems. . . . We have real problems that demand real answers.

Richard Dawkins

“We can’t solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when created them.”

Albert Einstein

“We know more than we can tell and we can know nothing without relying upon those things which we may not be able to tell.”

Michael Polanyi

“There is no solution to a lack of knowledge.”

Jason Summer

To use a new “kind of thinking,” we first need to acquire a new language. Today the problem resides in the fact that scientific language has become so atomistic, that no one can see the logical fallacy affecting all our behaviour.

Academic “stars” are still using the same aging science and reasoning to “describe” our contemporary problems, which they cannot properly “define,” because of their professional near-sightedness.

If there ever has been in history of science an “extraordinary claim in need of extraordinary evidence,” this is it! Isn’t it? However, if you stay with me, you I will soon be presented with some extraordinary ones, as unexpected as this alluded claim that the good-willing scientists cannot find the solutions to our problems, because, while they easily can see the speck of ignorance in the eye of our forebears, as they show us here, they cannot see the beam in their own eye. As I will show you.

I once been told by my one of my academic advisor: “You are hard on us!” He hadn’t seen nothing yet!

Let me tell you how I came to resolve the fact, of which you must have become aware by now, that I was not getting along with ‘normal” scientists… with all scientists!

I always thought that it was because specialists look at the world from the perspective of their theories, and I was not, that we could not communicate properly.

However, I hadn’t recognised the fact that to be understood, I also needed a theory. And it is only when I began to realize that I was already in control of an unformulated theory of my own—inadvertently developed during my string of unspecialised university studies—that I became able to identify this mental error of perspective on which our humanity is founded. Error of perspective, which I had suspected from the outset, but which I never could specify.

Incidentally, through all my stays at the university, nobody ever directly questioned me about this mistake I was looking for. The only mention of it came from a doctor, whom I unexpectedly met after my university period, who told me: “What if there were no mistake?” Well, if there were no mistake, there would be no hope.

This realisation that I was already in possession of a theory stems from my already-mentioned chance encounter with the site Pictures Made with Pictures, supporting my contention that specialisation would have been an obstacle to my search for the common mistake affecting all sciences.

Indeed, I then began to realise that, while specialise minds have two levels of language, one learned in school for the “small picture” of their specialisation and one worldly for the “big picture,” I had only one, the latter, made of superficially learned theories, allowing me to perceive the effects of scientific knowledge when selfishly used for the benefits of humanity. (Again, I could not find my own vision of the world made of nice small pictures made of i-gadgets, scientific labs, university campuses, and all sorts of social institutions, which taken altogether would have depict this world.)

It is also then that I began to realise that I had inadvertently built my own theory using established ones, specifically understood for my purpose. As specialists use precisely defined concepts to support their circumscribe viewpoints.

The first thing I did, when I became aware that it was my using established theories in a manner that made me see the state of the world as an “emergent anomaly” of scientific knowledge, was to Google “emergent anomaly,” to see how it was treated in scientific literature. To my astonishment, this came up on top of the list: YOU CAN NEITHER REMEMBER NOR FORGET WHAT YOU DO NOT UNDERSTAND.

This assertion immediately supported my point. The only thing I needed from this theory was the title. Indeed, my whole research is based on its reciprocal: WE CANNOT UNDERSTAND WHAT WE DON’T REMEMBER. While the former study is related to the causes of a particular historical conflict (Croats/Serbians), my research has to do with the universal ignorance of the principle at the root of all human conflicts, among ourselves and with the environment.

Next, I needed to know how science usually deals with “ first principles.” The best theory for this purpose was Einstein’s theory of relativity, which I knew was dealing with the principle of equivalence, having conceptually studied it for one aspect of my research. What came clear to me, this second time, was that Einstein had it easy compare to me. Indeed, the anomaly that he wanted to explain, the constancy of the speed of light in a universe in relative motion, was already recognized as an anomaly to be explained by the scientific community of the time. I my case, our incessant need for growth in a homeostatic biotic universe (in a constant attempt of equilibrium)  is not considered as an anomaly, but as the driving force behind all our creative endeavors.

blind attali0001_thumb[2]

Source: Jacques Attalis Anti économique

While Einstein succeeded in explaining the constancy of the speed of light by accepting it as a natural phenomenon, I couldn’t do the same and consider as natural our incessant need for growth.

By considering this need for growth as a pathology in a homeostatic environment, I wanted to find a cure for it, as Copernicus assumption that the Earth was not at the centre of the universe explained away the anomalous behaviour of the planets among the regular motion of the Heavens.

However, I didn’t know what this error of perception was. It had to be, for my purpose, analogous to geocentrism, affecting all unsuspecting scientists.  I was not yet aware that I was only a few steps away from discovering it in Chomsky’s.

This parallel with the theory of relativity became even more astounding when I considered Einstein’s second axiom, that all physical laws are the same in all uniformly moving reference frames. Einstein was dealing with two levels of reality: the physical, in which motion is relative, and the electromagnetic, in which the speed of light is constant when observed from all moving frames of reference of the physical universe. I was equally dealing with two levels of reality, nature, in which a dynamic equilibrium is maintained by negative feedbacks, and nurture, our proactive cultural universe, in which human’s “constant” need for growth is producing a series of devastating positive feedbacks altering the natural equilibrium of nature.

And, again, since I assumed that it is these positive feedbacks of growth that ultimately alter the whole life process on earth, I couldn’t set myself to accept them as facts of nature, but as consequences of the fundamental ignorance of our holistic unity with it. Here is how Chomsky’ “universals” fit in all this.

***

UNIVERSAL GRAMMAR

Insofar as we are a mental process, to that extent we must expect the natural world to show similar characteristics of mentality.

Gregory Bateson

What is real is rational and what is rational is real.

Hegel

It is during my second venture into the theory of relativity, corroborating my belief that my research has a global significance, that I realized I needed to formulate a theory that would allow me to communicate my findings to everybody. It is during this latter activity that I Wikied Norm Chomsky’s universal grammar, in which it is mentioned that“…some rules of grammar are hard-wired into the brain, and manifest without being taught. “

It is while I was looking into this matter on the Internet, that I happened to come across the microscopic presentation of a white cell attacking a bacterium, which lead me to a series of animated films about the inner life of a cell.

If you take the time to explore these videos and others on YouTube, you will be as astounded, I believe, by these microscopic “observations” of living cells behaving as we do, as Galileo must have been by his 1610 telescopic observations of the “irregularities” of the moon and by the changing configurations of Venus.

This parallel with Galileo becomes even more astounding if you look at the video Powers of Ten, in which you will see that Galileo’s moon is situated between 108 and 109 meters away from us, and our genes and their component from 10-8 to 10-9 meters. In which comparison, the true distance in the void immensity of space is substitute by the many layers of complexity of the materially-crowded inner world.

03-8-8_thumb2 9--9_thumb2Source: Powers of Ten: A Flipbook

The ability to perceive or think differently is more important than the knowledge gained.

David Bohm

It is the parallel that I then could make between Chomsky’s notions of “rules of grammar hard-wired into our brain” and the actual “communication” which I assumed needs to happen between brainless organelles and the rest of the cell, that made me realise that Chomsky’s analysis was absolutely right, but”anthropocentric,” as Ticho Brahe observations were accurate, but geocentric.

There are indeed universal rules, but they are not specifically human. They already exist, as fundamental rational principles, functional at each level of complexity, from atoms to humans (Cf Cosmic pattern of evolution, Chap V). For instance, if you watch again this video, you will hear things like: “First proteins are just floating around, and they suddenly come together to form a road”; …. And they do this all the time as required.”;. . . “Their orientation is dictated by the microtubules…”; . . .“Here, the free ribosomes translate the mRNA molecules into proteins.”

If these living organelles “come together” “to form roads” “as required” to allow kinesin motors to “carry proteins to the correct part of the cell to perform their intended functions.” And if this has happened for billions of years, and still happens thousands of time per second in all the trillion cells of all living organisms of all carbon-base life, vegetal as well as animal, there must be some fundamental “rules” allowing for this “universal regularity” of life.

It is these regularities, understood from the point of view of the cosmic patter of evolution, which I had already uncovered, that had on me the same effect as the falling apple had on  Newton, and which made me equate the universal biotic law of force, which must be needed to regulate life so keenly, with the the universal law of gravitation holding the universe together, and with the atomic forces at the foundation of all matter. © 2011

(Bergson already mentioned that there must be an “élan vital” behind the phenomenon of life. However, it has never been universally accepted, since never shown to be a necessary evolution of the atomic and gravitational forces, like the dialectic pattern of evolution, which I have uncovered, will show it is, in chapter V)

This also supported my long held belief that physicists’ attempts to unify the forces of nature are limited in scope and will only be successful once they take life into consideration.

Before I didn’t know I was dealing with a “force.” However, I have very early speculated that energy, matter, life, and the mental (sic), are four disparate dimensions (sic) of the same absolute reality (Hegel), linked together by the same Dialectical pattern, as I found out later.

Before we uncovered the law of gravitational force, we could not master it, nor use it to our benefit. The same is true with the law of biological force. Until we uncover it, we won’t be able to control human behaviour for our benefit and for the benefit of nature, with which we constitute an integrated whole.
TIME TO GROW UP

Enlightenment is mankind’s leaving behind its self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to employ one’s own intelligence without being directed by someone else.” “Because of laziness and cowardice, many supposedly grown men remain happily immature throughout their lives, readily allowing others to serve as their guardians.

Immanuel Kant

If there is such a force expressing itself at the biological and the mental levels of complexity, like it does at the atomic and the cosmic levels, it cannot be ignored. In nature, all entities (atoms. molecules, macromolecules, proteins, organelles, cells, organisms, etc.) are the chance/necessary expressions of this force at different levels of complexity. “They are the force.” However, we are not anymore. To use it, we first need to uncover it, understand it, and teach it: That’s what we do at our level of mental objectification.

For instance, all species of organelle in cells or species of animals in the environment necessarily behave all the time in accordance with this force since the moment they were generated.” They all have individually the same set of behaviour in accordance with the ones ‘necessarily” characterizing their species, whether they be motor proteins or any other species of animals. A cat is a cat is a cat, whether it be in America, China, or in the Middle Ages.

In relation to this force, we are different. We have reached a higher level of complexity than all the other animal species’. Animal species are specialized for specific environments. All their members possess the resources needed to behave in an environment of which they are the necessary extensions and components.

We are the antithesis of this evolutionary process. We are generalists as a species, but specialists as individuals. We can adapt to all viable environments, whether it be in space, or in time.

We are the only “true” social animal. To survive, we absolutely need to exchange our knowledge and trade its produce. (Wilson’s ants also do it to a certain measure, but they do it unconsciously. Individual ants are not “social individuals,” but “supra cells” composing a super organism blindly following the laws of matter.)

While species are defined by the living environment to which they are adapted, fish swim, birds fly, and mammals do what they do in their bio-physical environment, we learn and continuously define and redefine our all encompassing mental environment at each generation. —For instance, the  mental slate is assumed to be empty by some original thinkers in one generation, and full in the next, by some opportunistic opponents.

If this is so, we are not the same species as we were when we perceived the earth as flat or at the centre of the universe; we have evolved in a constantly expending environment. The time has come to expend it again. It’s a matter of survival. The one in which we are living has become too restraining for our means. I don’t want to say “too crowded” because, again, the experts who are looking for “real answers,” will easily jump to the conclusion that there are too many people in the world. Not considering that it is not people that are congestioning our living environment, but the greed of the One Percenters, Ten Pourcenters, and Twenty Pourcenters among us, who respectively own control and consume up to 85% of the world production. Of which hierarchy scientists are at or near the top. However, knowledge workers are not the only benefiting,  everybody in the over-developed world is.

I was lately mentioning this to one of my graduate counsellor, who defensively retorted, “But, there are hierarchies in nature.” Of course, there are.  However, natural hierarchies serve the survival of species, while ours serve themselves.

I have surfed an article lately on the Internet, in which Upton Sinclair is quoted saying: “It is difficult to get a man to understand something, when his salary depends upon his not understanding it.” And it happens that in the develop world, we are all, at different levels, making a living from the chronic inequality of the world.

“People see what they’re incentivized to see. If you pay someone not to see the truth, they won’t see the truth” Says Michael Lewis. There, he is talking about “Wall Street big shots,” who, according to him, are responsible for the present global financial crisis. But they are not the only one, they are but the visible top of the iceberg. Here, I am talking about the submerge rest of them, the elites of the developed world, who are themselves the cause of the present humanity financial and moral debacle. And, in final analysis, since these latter don’t even understand the true nature of their “remorse,” whenever they feel them, even their ensuing new-born philanthropy will only serve but to “pave the road to hell.”

This is the first “pieces” of my theory.

Junk-piano1

before I expound on it and expose the dialectical pattern of evolution that will make sense of all the other pieces,

J real piano

Source: Scientific American

I need to elaborate on the limits of sciences to understand human nature.

Part iv

THE BUILT-IN INABILITY OF SCIENCE TO RECOGNIZE CONSCIOUSNESS AS A DISTINCT DIMENSION OF REALITY

(in progress)


About André Gaudreault

Throughout my life, I have acquired two general BA’s and one unspecialised Masters of Art in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology of the university of Guelph, to understand, from a generalist point of view, the root cause of our maladaptation as a rational species. However. I have failed to become a generalist, generalists develop understandings of specifics “fields of knowledge” from the point of view of mastered disciplines and I have never (by choice) mastered anything. Throughout the superficial overview of many fields of study, I have constantly investigated the role of knowledge and academics in the the present predicament of humanity. At 70, I have thus become a self proclaimed “artisan of global thinking.” I am presently in the process of writing in absentia a PhD dissertation on the existential problems that we are facing as a species and on on our inability resolve them using the kind of specialized thinking that can but contribute to their aggravation. agaudwin@hotmail.com English is not my mother tongue.
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